Computer Ethics – References

[Alex Reid – 29-Mar-01/16-Apr-02/1-Mar-06/1-Mar-07/28-Jul-11/5-Aug-12/26-Jul-14/24-Jul-15/6-Aug-16]


Codes of Ethics:


Australian Computer Society Code of Ethics



Australian Computer Society Code of Professional Conduct Case Studies



Australian Computer Society Code of Professional Conduct



British Computer Society Code of Conduct



ACM Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct



ACM/IEEE-CS Software Engineering Code of Ethics



Books and Key Articles on Ethics:


Bynum, Terrel Ward & Rogerson, Simon, eds: Computer Ethics & Professional Responsibility: Introductory Text & Readings, Blackwell, 2004


Spinello, Richard A: Ethical Aspects of Information Technology, Prentice Hall, 1995


Spinello, Richard A: Case Studies in Information and Computer Ethics, Prentice Hall, 1997


Edgar, Stacey L: Morality and Machines: Perspectives on Computer Ethics, Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 2003


Moor, James H: Reason, Relativity & Responsibility in Computer Ethics, Computers & Society, v28 n1 March 1998, pp14-21


Maner, Walter: Unique Ethical Problems in Information Technology, Science & Engineering Ethics, v2 n2 April 1996, pp137-154


Moor, James, H: What is Computer Ethics?, Metaphilosophy, v16 n4, 1985, pp266-275


Wiener, Norbert: Some Moral and Technical Consequences of Automation, Science, v131, 1960, pp1355-1358


Mason, R, Four Ethical Issues of the Information Age, MIS Quarterly, v10, n1, 1986, pp5-12


Burmeister, Oliver K, Applying the ACS Code of Ethics, ACS Information Age, Feb/Mar 2001, pp54-59 [and in the subsequent 3 issues, Apr/May, Jun/Jul, Aug/Sep 2001]


Burmeister, Oliver K, Applying the ACS Code of Ethics, Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology, May 2000, V32, n2, pp107-119


Anderson, Ronald, E, Using the New ACM Code of Ethics in Decision Making, Communications of the ACM, Feb 1993, v36, n2, pp98-106


Journal of Ethics and Information Technology



Computers & Society: Quarterly Publication of ACM SIGCAS (Special Interest Group on Computers and Society)

<> or <>


Johnson, Deborah G & Nissenbaum, Helen, Computer Ethics and Social Values, Prentice Hall, 1995


Forester, Tom & Morrison, Perry, Computer Ethics: Cautionary Tales and Ethical Dilemmas in Computing, 2nd edition, MIT Press, 1994


Ermann, M David, Williams, Mary B, & Shauf, Michele S (eds), Computers, Ethics, and Society, Oxford University Press, 1997


Weckert, John & Adeney, Douglas, Computer and Information Ethics, Greenwood Press, 1997

Willard, Nancy, The Cyberethics Reader, McGraw-Hill, 1997

Koocher, Gerald P, Ethics in Cyberspace, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1996

Landford, D, Practical Computer Ethics, McGraw-Hill, 1995


Bynum, T W (ed), Computers and Ethics, Blackwell, 1985


Johnson, D G, Computer Ethics, 2nd edition, Prentice Hall, 1994

Levy, Steven, Hackers, Penguin Books, 1984


Stoll, Clifford, The Cuckoo’s Egg: Tracking a Spy Through a Maze of Computer Espionage, Bodley Head, 1990


Torvalds, Linus, Himanen, Pekka & Castells, Manuel, The Hacker Ethic, Secker & Warburg, 2001


Neumann, Peter G, Computer-Related Risks, ACM Press, 1995


Cornwall, Hugo, The Hacker’s Handbook, Century Communications Ltd, 1985


Weckert, John (ed), Computer Ethics, Why Bother?, 2nd Australian Institute of Computer Ethics Conference, Canberra, Australia, Sep 2000 [published as Volume 1 of Conferences in Research and Practice in Information Technology], <>


McFarland, Michael C, Urgency of Ethical Standards Intensifies in Computer Community, IEEE Computer, March 1990, pp77-81 [see also Letters section of June 1990 issue, p6] 1985


Tavani, Herman T, The Future of Computers & the Quality of Life: A Computer Ethics Bibliography, Computers and Society, Sep 1996, pp31-37


Tavani, Herman T, Metabibliography of Computers, Ethics and Society: An Annotated Bibliography of Bibliographies, Computers and Society, Mar 1997, pp19-21


Parnas, David L, Software Aspects of Strategic Defence Initiative, CACM, 1985, v28, n12, p1326


Ethics Research Centres:


Australian Institute of Computer Ethics



The Computer Ethics Institute, Washington, USA



The Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics, Computer Ethics Institute, Washington DC



Institute for Certification of Computing Professionals



The OnLine Ethics Center for Engineering & Science, at the (US) National Academy of Engineering



Centre for Computing and Social Responsibility, De Montfort University



Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility



Software Engineering Ethics Research Institute, East Tennessee State University



Markkula Center for Applied Ethics, Santa Clara University



ACS Committee on Computer Ethics/Professional Conduct

[currently dormant]


IEEE Society on Social Implications of Technology (SSIT)


ACM Special Interest Group on Computers and Society (SIGCAS)


Other Articles/Websites:


Merkel, Robert & Burmeister, Oliver: A Code of Ethics in IT: Just Lip Service or Something with Bite?, The Conversation, 9-Oct-15


Kuipers, Benjamin: Towards Morality and Ethics for Robots, AAAI Spring Symposium on Ethical and Moral Considerations in Non-Human Agents, 21-Mar-16


Bowern, Mike, Codes of Ethics: The Ethics of Making Robots that can Kill, Information Age, Feb/Mar 2007, p62.


McDonald, Craig, Codes of Ethics: Governance, Systems and Responsibility, Information Age, Dec/Jan 2006/2007, p54.


Mather, Karen, Codes of Ethics: Protecting Whose Interests?, Information Age, Oct/Nov 2006, p38.


Lucs, Richard, Ethics: Why Do We Differ?, Information Age, Aug/Sep 2006, p28.


Bowern, Mike, Ethics: Part of Being Professional, Information Age, Jun/Jul 2006, p51.


Bowern, Mike, Ethics: Quality Management is Personal, Information Age, Feb/Mar 2006, p62.


Bowern, Mike & Weckert, John, Ethics: When a Team Member Embezzles, Information Age, Jun/Jul 2005, p24.


Tannenbaum, Robert S, Theoretical Foundations of Multimedia: Some Ethical Concerns, Ubiquity



Kabay, M E, The Napster Cantata, The K-Files



Jacobs, Shannon, Sam Spam the Flimflam Man, Ubiquity, ACM



Secure Digital Music Initiative



SDMI Challenge FAQ, Princeton Group



Open Source Initiative



Raymond, Eric Steven, How To Become A Hacker



Security Concerns of Bluetooth Technology



UCITA Alert (27-Mar-06), Software Engineering Ethics Research Institute



CERT & National Cyber Awareness System